The breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s created a situation in which research was a luxury for many of its former republics struggling to make it as independent countries. But Balkan countries are betting more and more that science can help them rescue ailing economies.
Montenegro’s new prime minister, for example, just created the country’s first dedicated science ministry. Similarly, Serbia and the neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina have each launched plans for huge increases in research spending in the decade to come, relying heavily on investments from industry. ScienceInsider reviews the latest situation in each country.